Lewicki – crucians
A third of all Israeli Mediterranean catches of fish occurred in 2004, members of the family sparovek ( Sparidae ). He also owns 85% of the volume of our sea fisheries. In Russian sources the name of this collection translates “sparids”, whereas in English they are “pomfrets”. Well, why the English called these fish as bream, of course – they all have a rather high, rounded, laterally compressed body. Arched back is arched, the belly nearly straight. The similarity with freshwater bream obvious. But why carp? But in the Russian translation of the book “Wonders of the red sea” sparidae, in General, called the perch reef.
The Sparidae family contains 112 species, distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical zones of the World ocean. The Mediterranean coast of Israel is inhabited by carp species 23, in the Red sea – 12. Sparidae – a typical marine fish of different sizes: length from 30 cm to 2 m, weighing from 600 g to 100 kg. they Have delicious white meat, the fat content of which is very variable from 2 to 21%.
Perry, fish of the genus Pagrus (in Hebrew – Farida), is represented by several species. Ordinary PGR ( P. pagrus ), Abitayev subtropical and tropical waters of the Atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean sea. This species reaches a length of 40 and 52 cm and mass 2 kg, the usual length is 20–25cm.
Of the 12 species of red sea goldfish the most interesting, beautiful and delicious is the Acanthopagrus bifasciatus . His Hebrew name – dupas, English – Twobar seabream. All these names beat two black bands running across the head. Dupas you can see in the Underwater Observatory or just floating with a mask. Reaches a length of 50 cm is Found only in the Western Indian ocean near coral reefs.
In Eilat the National center of mariculture dvukhpolosnykh carp learned to breed, but the object of the fish they have not yet become.
But the most delicious and important redfin Israel is Denis ( Sparus aurata ), which even in the Russian literature referred to as sea bream. He is worthy of separate story .
In the Mediterranean sea is home to Atlantic bream Brama brama . fish that reaches 1 meter in length. Despite the name “Atlantic” it is not only found in the Atlantic, but also in the Pacific and Indian oceans. However, off the coast of Eilat Dating Crescent sea bream Taractichthys steindachner . tropical fish, zarastaya to 60 cm.